I want to read and learn all I can, write thoughtfully and truthfully, live according to reason and ever more mature wisdom, and savor every wonderful little gift of life.
(Note: These thoughts relate to the 1818 version of the text. Also, this post contains significant plot spoilers, so if you haven’t read the book and intend to, don’t read this post!)
When I read this book, I identified very strongly with Victor Frankenstein. His fiery thirst for knowledge and his tendency to act impulsively on the feelings of the moment both are qualities inherent in me; I’ve tried to cultivate the former and squelch the latter. Victor’s story is a lesson to me of the dangers of doing otherwise—of limiting my knowledge and letting my impulsivity control me.
It’s ironic that this work comes out of the Romantic period of literature, when emotion was favored over reason. Mary Shelley’s tale is Gothic and features a savage outcast, like other Romantic fictions, but I think she used her novel to depart from Romantic values by showing the triumph of reason over emotion.
In her novel, Victor Frankenstein is destroyed by his emotional impulsivity:
* In a fit of single-minded obsession he constructs and gives life to the creature (having unwisely turned away from studying the natural chemistry taught at his school to instead focus on alchemy and other ancient “sciences”—this is why I say he limited his knowledge)
* In a fit of terror he abandons the creature
* In a fit of self-piteous lethargy he silently lets Justine be executed for William’s murder by the creature
* In another fit of terror he breaks his promise to the creature to make it a companion
* In a fit of happy, blind love before his marriage he swoons into false security and does not realize that the creature’s angry threat was aimed at Victor’s bride.
All of these unthinking, emotional, impulsive actions (and inactions) lead to terrible consequences for Victor.
The creature, by contrast (and in contrast to the popular, cinematic image of the creature), is the one who reasons, plans, subdues his emotions, and is finally successful in accomplishing his goal of wreaking serious vengeance on Victor.
And as a final, bittersweet cap on the novel, the explorer Walton, after hearing Victor’s story, eventually decides to do the rational, not emotional, thing and turn back from his mission. Reason has won.
To drive this message home, Mary Shelley puts these words in Victor’s mouth, prophetically, towards the beginning of the book:
“A human being in perfection ought always to preserve a calm and peaceful mind, and never allow passion or a transitory desire to disturb his tranquility….If this rule were always observed; if no man allowed any pursuit whatsoever to interfere with the tranquility of his domestic affections, Greece had not been enslaved; Caesar would have spared his country; America would have been discovered more gradually; and the empires of Mexico and Peru had not been destroyed.”
This message is one I try to apply to my own life, since I share Victor’s weakness of impulsivity. I strive to express my emotions but keep my actions firmly under the reign of rational judgment.